ConfusingJust confusing

So & Such

SO and SUCH


I am SO happy!

  • There are SO many clouds in the sky!
  • There are SO few cars on the road today.
  • He speaks SO quickly!
  • It is SUCH a wonderful book!
  • She is SUCH a genius!
  • He has never heard SUCH nonsense!


SO with an ADJECTIVE

We can use SO with an adjective to express extremes. This form is often used in exclamations.

  • The music is so loud!
  • The dinner was so good!
  • The painting is so beautiful!


SO with an ADVERB

We use SO with an adverb to express extreme actions. This form is also used in exclamations.

  • She walks so quickly!
  • He sings so well!
  • They speak so slowly!


SO with MANY and FEW

We can use SO with MANY and FEW with plural nouns to express extremes in amount. This form is often – but not always – used in exclamations.

  • You have so many computers!
  • There are so many dogs in the park today.
  • There are so few chairs in this shopping center!
  • There are so few items on sale this month.
  • There were so many children at the party!
  • There are so few cookies in the jar!


SO with MUCH and LITTLE

and non-countable nouns

We can use SO with MUCH and LITTLE with non-countable nouns to express extremes in amount. This form is also often – but not always – used in exclamations.

  • Susan has so much free time today!
  • There is so little cake left!


SO with MUCH, LITTLE, OFTEN, RARELY

We can use SO with MUCH, LITTLE, OFTEN, and RARELY to express how much or how often someone/something does an action. This form is also used in exclamations.

  • They sleep so much when they are on vacation.
  • My cousins visit us so rarely!
  • She checks her phone so often to see if she has messages.
  • He eats so little!
  • It snowed so much last night!


SUCH with an ADJECTIVE and a NOUN

We can use SUCH with an adjective and a noun to express emphasis and extremes. This form is often – but not always – used in exclamations.

  • They bought such a large boat!
  • She writes such interesting essays!
  • We have such a big house!
  • It was such a good movie!


SUCH for EMPHASIS and JUDGEMENT

We use SUCH with judgemental nouns. They can express something positive or negative. This form is often used in exclamations.

  • She’s such a genius!
  • She’s such an idiot! (Not nice!)


SO for EMPHASIS and JUDGEMENT

We use SO with judgemental adjectives. They can express something positive or negative. This form is often used in exclamations.

  • He’s so intelligent!
  • He’s so stupid! (Not nice!)


SUCH with a NOUN

to express this kind of … or this type of …

  • The teacher rarely sees such writing.
    this/that kind of writing
  • He doesn’t deserve such criticism.
    this/that kind of criticism
  • Such people are not worth your time!
    this/that kind of person/people


SO and SUCH with THAT

Tip: Using THAT is optional!

We can use SO and SUCH with THAT to express results. THAT is optional. The choice is yours!

  • The music is so loud that I can’t sleep.
  • The music is so loud I can’t sleep.
  • She walks so quickly that I cannot walk beside her.
  • She walks so quickly I cannot walk beside her.
  • There were so many children at the party that we ran out of chips.
  • There were so many children at the party we ran out of chips.

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